Located in the southwest of the Anatolian Peninsula, it is on the southern shore of the peninsula of the same name.
The name of the city in the original is “Alukariassa”, meaning “the castle city of the lighted-up/conscious Carians”. This name of the city which was situated at the ancient Caria subsequently changed into “Halicarnassos”.
Bodrum, some history:
The area is known to have been inhabited by the Carians, a branch of the Etruscans/Luwis, circa 3000 B.C.
The foremost portrait of the city is the worldwide renowned historian Herodotus. The population of the city increased with the influx of the Pelasgians and Lelegians who immigrated into the southwestern Anatolia during the following periods. It developed its maritime trading with Phoenicia, the Aegean Islands, Cyprus and Egypt. In the 6th century B.C. the area fell under the Lydian sovereignty followed by the Persian domination.
It led the uprisings of the Anatolian people against the Hellenes in various periods, and in 480 B.C., during the sea battle waged and won against the Hellenes, Queen Artemisia was appointed as the admiral in command of a fleet.
The city which joined the Carian Confederacy subsequently became the capital of the confederacy during the era of Maussollos. Upon the death of Maussollos a mausoleum was ordered to be built in his honour by his wife. During the antique period the city won a major sea battle against the Rhodians and gloriously resisted against the Macedonians.
The area which was seized by the Egyptians and the pirates was brought under the jurisdiction of the Roman Empire around the middle of the 1st century. The city which fell into a standstill in the Byzantine era, became a shelter for the Rhodian knights during the Middle Ages.
What About Bodrum Today
Today in the east of the mausoleum the reliefs depicting various mythological legends are exhibited. Visible in front of the acropolis on the northern slope of the present settlement is a theatre overlooking the sea, consisting of 35 caveas. To the south of the theatre there are rock tombs and the remains of the Temple of Apollon.
Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum
Bodrum museum is the biggest underwater achaeology museum in the world and the only one in Turkey. A great majority of the museum artifacts cosist of those raised during underwater excavations and those brought to the museum by sponge divers.
Along the coast of our country, underwater excavations have continued since 1960. These excavations include the Finike-Gelidonya ship wreck 12th century B.C., Bodrum-Yassiada Byzantine Shipwreck 7th century AD, Bodrum-Yassıada late Roman shipwreck 4th century AD, Finike-Seytan Deresi shipwreck 16th Century BC.
All artifacts which were discovered from underwater and land excavations are exhibited in various galleries as modern museology understandin. Besides its cultural property the castle itself is a monumental museum. The castle also contains a botanical garden. Various Mediterranean trees and flowers inform the visitors of their mythological stories. Peacocks and other animals will certainly attract your children while walking through the museum, you can rest at various cafeterias located at different corners of the garden, one can also listen to medieval music in the English Tower and then relive the past in Carian Princess’s banquet hall.